© Lori Lappin, the Witch of WITCHCRAFTS ARTISAN ALCHEMY®
Since I practice ancestral Old European Witchcraft, here are a few of my primary genetic ancestry results from various research labs.
ANCESTRAL GENETIC MOTHERLINE
My genetic ancestral motherline (full sequence mtDNA test) - Clan Ursula, also known as Clan Europa - U5b1b1-T16192C!
Haplogroup U5 is indigenous to Europe and was the dominant maternal lineage among Paleolithic and Mesolithic European hunter-gatherers. My U5b1 genetic motherline is a scientifically proven Cro-Magnon lineage. "A 2015 study sequenced the genome of a 13,000 year old Cro-Magnon from Switzerland. He belonged to Y DNA Haplogroup I2(a) and mtDNA haplogroup U5b1(h)."
People in my U genetic motherline tend to have a high pH brain which is associated with also having high IQ (Intelligence Quotient). This is true for people with K genetic motherlines as well. Both U and K are considered genetic motherlines indigenous to Europe. K is a daughter group of U. U concentrates in people having Northern European ancestry. K concentrates in people having Ashkenazi Jewish ancestry.
"Rollins et al. (2009) examined the association between brain pH and mtDNA alleles. The highest brain pH was found in members of haplogroups U and K. Higher pH confers protection against Parkinson's disease and psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and major depressive disorder. Another study by the University of Manchester suggests that a lower brain acidity (i.e. higher pH) has a protective effect against strokes. Research on intelligence point that people with higher IQ tend to have more alkaline brains. Higher pH is associated with better conductivity-transmission between neurons."
"Mitochondria are essential organelles for neuronal growth, survival, and function. Neurons use specialized mechanisms to drive mitochondria transport and to anchor them in axons and at synapses. Stationary mitochondria buffer intracellular Ca2+ and serve as a local energy source by supplying ATP. The balance between motile and stationary mitochondria responds quickly to changes in axonal and synaptic physiology. Defects in mitochondrial transport are implicated in the pathogenesis of several major neurological disorders. Recent work has provided new insight in the regulation of microtubule-based mitochondrial trafficking and anchoring, and on how mitochondrial motility influences neuron growth, synaptic function, and mitophagy. "
EST00083 RLFP - brain expressed sequence tag (CCGG at 15925-15928) found in mtDNA associated with high IQ in some populations of people of European ancestry (as it has been associated only with the lineage of anatomically modern humans who first expanded into Europe around 35,000 years ago). This association of EST00083 with high IQ may be mtDNA haplogroup specific, with other high IQ markers being specific to other mtDNA haplogroups.
ROOTS FOR REAL partial sequence mtDNA results: Here are some of some of the results I received from my first mtDNA test done through Roots for Real. The test was not a full sequence test and only analyzed as far as U5b, but nevertheless, I matched two individuals in Iceland (which is relevant to Fornekja, the witchcraft of my ancestors).
ANCESTRAL GENETIC FATHERLINE
Clan Woden (the only pre-Neolithic Y-lineage left in Europe) Wodan, Odin, Odinn, Vodin
I2a2a (I-M223, on the subbranch I-Z166 which is the same node as I-L1198).
Based on dad's current known Y-DNA markers, he is in haplogroup I-M223 cont1 group, a deme which corresponds to Jutland (continental portion of Denmark and the northern portion of Germany) homeland of Angles, Saxons, Jutes and Frisians. So, my dad's y-line is an old European lineage from the North Sea areas of Jutland and the German Bight, with ancient extension into southern Sweden and Fennoscandia. The Bight contains the Frisian and Danish Islands. The area also includes Doggerland before it became submerged under the North Sea.
Further back in time (when I2 was still part of the IJ superhaplogroup), both my genetic fatherline (I2/IJ) and my genetic U5 motherline were found in the Danube [Aurignacian] culture.
My paternal I2 (I-M223) genetic fatherline is a scientifically proven Cro-Magnon lineage.
The value of 23 at DYS 390 (highlighted in red box in the chart below) is a Germanic Norse/Viking genetic signature (of Fenno-Scandinavian origin). Surname research also suggests a Norse/Viking origin for my father's Y-line. The "English" Taylor occupational surname is linked with Scottish-Viking families. The Taylor Clan (a sept of Clan Cameron) is descended from the mighty and heroic 16th century warrior Taillear dubh na Tuaighe, 'The Black Taylor of the Axe' (renowned for his skill with the Lochaber Axe), first Chief of the Taylor Clan, and a natural son of the 14th Chief of Lochiel (of Clan Cameron).
DYS390 = 23 is a genetic signature of the Rurikid Dynasty.
DYS390 = 23 Donald Trump Connection: Soon to be US President Donald Trump may get his assertive rather than passive manner from his alleged Viking ancestors. Russian genealogists claim that Mr Trump is a direct descendant of Rurik the Viking who established the Russian state. Rurikid Dynasty Connection: Even though my Dad is of the I2 (I-M223) y-DNA haplotype, he too possesses the distinctive value DYS390=23 characteristic of the Rurikid Dynasty. "According to the FamilyTreeDNA Rurikid Dynasty DNA Project, Rurik appears to have belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup N1c1, based on testing of his modern purported male line descendants. N1c1 is not widely found in Scandinavian countries, but is overwhelmingly found among Baltic and Finnish ethnicities. The N1c1 haplotype possess the distinctive value DYS390=23, also rarely found in Scandinavia. The closest relatives of the Rurikid haplotype are found in coastal Finland." Common Europid Old European Male Lineage Marker Connection: Even though my Dad is of the I2 (I-M223) y-DNA haplotype (Rurik is thought to be N1c1), my Dad too possesses the distinctive value DYS390=23 characteristic of the Rurikid Dynasty. Both my Dad's y-line and Rurik's (putative) y-line descend from a common IJK y-line, which is the common ancestor of all of the European y-lines I, J, R and N. Consequently, DYS390=23 is a distinctive Old European male lineage marker and a remnant marker of the genetic ancestor common to all European male lineages. Indeed, this IJK superhaplogroup may be the root of all Europid male lineages with an ancient, ancient origin in Eurasia. Y-Hg IJK arose about 46,000 ybp. DYS390=23 is also among the Cohen Modal markers.
DYS19 = 15 is Scandinavian (page 25)
YCAii = 19-21 is New Norse (Norwegian Viking) as opposed to a value 19-23 which is Slavic (Old Norse)
DYS481=27 is a value observed at this marker in both Scotland and Ireland
DYS565=11 is mostly Western European (found primarily in the British Isles, Scotland, Wales and Ireland), although this value is also found in the Oberland region of the Swiss Alps. Oberland first belonged to the Kingdom of Burgundy. From this data, I hypothesize that this marker may be associated with the Germanic Burgundians who allied with England in the 14th/15th centuries. This interpretation also fits with my Dad's I2 genetic matches in France and Poland. Another interesting tidbit further ties together my father's Germanic Burgundian-English genetic connection: "The dukes of Burgundy controlled Flanders, which was the centre of the north European weaving industry and thus very wealthy. The raw material for the mills in Flanders was English wool, so there was close economic link between Burgundy and England." Here is a connection with my Dad's occupational surname Taylor (tailor) and the product of weaving (cloth).
Scottish Taylor Clan Tartan.
UPDATE -Dad is I2a2a (I-M223, and is on the subbranch I-Z166 which is the same node as I-L1198). My father's ancestral tribe may be the Ingvaeones (North Sea Germanic Federation Anglo-Saxon-Frisian-Jute).
"In some dialects of South Slavic languages word "od" or "hod" means walk. "odi" or "hodi" means walks and "oditi" or "hoditi" means you walk, walking. "odi on" or "hodi on" means he walks, he who walks. Is odin = odi on = the one that walks, travels? It is Interesting that in Greek we have word ὁδός (hodós) which means threshold, road, path, way, journey, trip, expedition...The official etymology is that the Greek word comes form Proto-Indo-European *sodos. Cognates include Old Church Slavonic ходъ (xodŭ) and Sanskrit आसद् (āsad). I wander if the Greek word actually comes from South Slavic word "od, hod" meaning to walk...The word "odos" (path) would then be something you "od" walk on..."odaš, odiš" means you are walking, "oda si, odi si" means he is walking and "odao si" means you walked, both meaning travel, trip, expedition, journey...
Vodan is another name for Odin. In South Slavic languages word "vodi, voda" means leads, "vodi nas, voda nas" means he leads us and "vodi on, voda on" means he leads, leader...The word "vodja" means leader, "vodja naš" means our leader....Is Vodan = vodi + on = leads he = leader?
This fits perfectly with the the Roman description of Odin, Vodan as the equivalent of Mercury, the traveller, messenger, guide...
But if this is true, why does Norse god have name whose etymology comes from Slavic languages? Is this just a coincidence?
Serbian Historian from the 19th century, Miloš Milojević, claimed that Serbs and Danes were one and the same people. This is very interesting because the latest genetic evidence is showing us that Serbs and Croats have majority I2a and the Danes have majority I2b Y haplogroup. Basically they are the closest genetic cousins."
COHEN MODAL MARKERS
Since Y-line haplogroups I and J are "brotherlines" in the sense that they both descended from a common ancestor (once an IJ Cro-Magnon superhaplogroup), and J2 is associated with the Cohen Modal markers (designating assumed descendents of ancient Hebrew high priest Aaron who carry a specific set of values at a set of 6 markers), I checked my dad's I2 markers against the 6-marker Cohen Modal group of markers:
DYS393 = 14 (dad), 12 (CM)
*DYS390 = 23 (dad), 23 (CM)
DYS19 = 15 (dad), 14 (CM)
*DYS391 = 10 (dad), 10 (CM)
DYS388 = 13 (dad), 16 (CM)
DYS 392 = 12 (dad), 11 (CM)
Dad's values exactly match 2 of the 6 Cohen Modal markers. It may be that whichever ancient ancestor gave rise to the Hebrew line of Aaron may have also given rise to my dad's line. I have hypothesized in the past (on my personal blog) that Northmen are descended from Korach (the cousin of Aaron and Moses, and whose name means ICE like in Ice Age Northern Europe) and at the (democratic-theocratic) political split that occurred following the exodus from Africa (Egypt), Korach's people (my people) did not get swallowed up by the earth (as the Hebrew tale tells us) in punishment, but rather went towards our own promised land in Sweden and Northern Europe (as genetic science tells us). I've posted more details about my hypothesis a few times in the past on my blog, but HERE IS GENETIC EVIDENCE THAT SUPPORTS MY HYPOTHESIS.
Perhaps my dad's I2 haplogroup has a Northman version of "Cohen Modal" markers - this makes sense especially in light of my own preincarnate-incarnate memories of continuous consciousness - a very "Cohen"-like thing I think. So, the Northern Völva phenomenon may be similar to a Hebrew bat-Cohen (daughter of a Cohen) phenomenon. The Völva of Scandianvian tradition may inherit from her father a similar role as does a bat-Cohen of Hebrew tradition.
COMPREHENSIVE ANCESTRY INHERITED FROM BOTH PARENTS (aDNA)
Northern European - 65%
Chromosome Painting (Eurogenes K9 Analysis) - Northern European
Chromosome Painting (Eurogenes EUtest V2 K15 Analysis) - North Sea, Atlantic, Baltic and Eastern European Regions
Ashkenazi Jewish Contribution
AUTOSOMAL STR-Analysis (aDNA)
Core STR Loci
Of the 27 aDNA STR markers tested on myself through DNA Tribes, the 4 markers in my results with the highest frequencies are found among the UK and German Core STR Loci used in human forensic identity testing, namely D21S11 (30,31), SE33 (22.2, 27.2), D2S1338 (21, 26) and FGA (21,21). Marker SE33 is unique in that it is found among the Core German STR Loci and not found among the UK Core STR Loci, while the other 3 are in both the UK and German Core Loci.
MY KNOWN ARCHAIC HOMININ ANCESTRY (aDNA Autosomal SNP)
Denisovan 2.3% > Neanderthal 1.9%
This group of archaic humans may be where my own "Western European Denosivan DNA" came from (and I have more Denisovan DNA (2.3%) than I do Neanderthal DNA (1.9%).
It is thought by scientists that admixture of non-African modern humans with Neanderthals occurred in the Levant shortly after modern humans left Africa - before non-African modern humans split off from one another and evolved into separate racial groups. Modern humans indigenous to Africa do not carry genetic admixture from Neanderthals, while all other modern human populations do carry genetic admixture from Neanderthals.
It is not known with certainty whether my Neanderthal genetic contribution came from European or Levantine Neanderthals (and very likely it came from Levantine Neanderthals as, according to most genetic researchers studying world populations, modern humans likely did not genetically admix with Neanderthals once they arrived in Europe. Genetic admixture of non-African modern humans with Neanderthals was a very early phenomenon in the evolution of homo sapiens outside of Africa.
Since Neanderthal genetic admixture of all non-African modern humans with Neanderthals according to all currently known scientific knowledge occurred very early in modern human prehistory in the Levant and not in Europe, and since classical pure Siberian to Southeast Asian Denisovan DNA has not yet been found in Europe (according to establishment scientists), this means that some of my direct genetic ancestors (namely, this new unknown Western European Denisovan-related hominid through whom I may have inherited my Denisovan DNA) have lived in Europe for at least 400,000 years. My genetic roots in Europe run deep, very deep.
"The oldest known human DNA found yet reveals human evolution was even more confusing than thought, researchers say.
The DNA, which dates back some 400,000 years, may belong to an unknown human ancestor, say scientists. These new findings could shed light on a mysterious extinct branch of humanity known as Denisovans, who were close relatives of Neanderthals, scientists added.
"This is the oldest human genetic material that has been sequenced so far," said study lead author Matthias Meyer, a molecular biologist at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany. "This is really a breakthrough — we'd never have thought it possible two years ago that we could study the genetics of human fossils of this age." Until now, the previous oldest human DNA known came from a 100,000-year-old Neanderthal from a cave in Belgium.
The researchers reconstructed a nearly complete genome of this fossil's mitochondria — the powerhouses of the cell, which possess their own DNA and get passed down from the mother. The fossils unearthed at the site resembled Neanderthals, so researchers expected this mitochondrial DNA to be Neanderthal.
Surprisingly, the mitochondrial DNA reveals this fossil shared a common ancestor not with Neanderthals, but with Denisovans, splitting from them about 700,000 years ago. This is odd, since research currently suggests the Denisovans lived in eastern Asia, not in western Europe, where this fossil was uncovered. The only known Denisovan fossils so far are a finger bone and a molar found in Siberia."
More scientific evidence keeps emerging to support the accuracy of my own scientifically proven Denisovan ancestry ...
Although initial studies suggested that Denisovan ancestry was found only in modern human populations from island Southeast Asia and Oceania, more recent studies have suggested that Denisovan ancestry may be more widespread. (Dienekes Pontikos)
Yep, because I have more Denisovan archaic human ancestry (2.3%) than I do Neanderthal archaic human ancestry (1.9%) and I am of 99-100% Northern/Northwestern European Homo sapiens sapiens heritage, with a trace (0.4%) of South Asian ancestry (which is within the known regional range of ancient Denisovan territory). Like me, many Europeans have a trace of "South Asian" ancestry. Taken together, these facts suggest to me that my 0.4% "South Asian" ancestry is likely as old as the time Homo sapiens Denisova roamed Eurasia.
"It seems that your Neanderthal ancestors may not be as far back in your tree as you thought. They have now found 40,000 year old skeletal remains that suggest that person’s great-great-grandfather was in fact, full Neanderthal. That’s significantly later than previously thought, by 10,000 or 20,000 years, and in Europe, not the Near East…and who knows what is just waiting to be found."
"Some of the first modern humans that came to Europe mixed with the local Neanderthals."
MY 23ANDME RESULTS
According to the 23andMe genetic testing company, I am 99.6% European. Of that 99.6%, 98.8% of it is Northwestern European. I am of Celtic-Germanic stock overwhelmingly. No big surprise there: (British/Irish, French/German, Scandinavian, Finnish and "Broadly Northwestern European").
British & Irish (53.7%) - "When modern humans first arrived in the regions now known as Great Britain and Ireland tens of thousands of years ago, these two regions were physically joined to one another. Today the people of the islands of Great Britain and Ireland descend from Celtic, Saxon, and Viking ancestors."
Broadly Northwestern European (26.7%) - "Northwestern Europeans are represented by people from as far west as Ireland, as far north as Norway, as far east as Finland, and as far south as France. These countries rim the North and Baltic Seas, and have been connected throughout much of history by those waters."
French & German (12.4%) - "Connected to the British Isles, Scandinavia, southern Europe and eastern Europe, France and Germany have seen myriad peoples come and go over the last ten thousand years. Genetically and geographically the French and Germans are at the heart of Europe."
Scandinavian (5.3%) - "The earliest people of Scandinavia hunted reindeer and seals and fished for salmon. By 4000 years ago these hunter/gatherers had been joined by cattle herders from the south. Although at the northwestern periphery of Europe, Scandinavia has never been completely isolated from peoples to the south and east."
Finnish (0.6%) - "Finland has been occupied continuously since the end of the last ice age. Despite their proximity to Scandinavia, many Finns speak a language more closely related to Hungarian than to most Scandinavian languages, which have similarities to English and German."
The trace <0.1% of Southern European is non-specific and termed "Broadly Southern European". Likewise, the trace 0.4% of South Asian in my results is termed non-specific "Broadly South Asian" and according to 23and Me is represented by "the diverse populations of India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Bangladesh. Scientists believe that when modern humans first left Africa they traveled along the coast of southern Asia, reaching South Asia very early." So this trace may correspond to this migratory path of my ancient ancestors.
No Native American, No Ashkenazi Jewish. No Eastern European. No East Asian, No Middle Eastern. No North African. No Sub-Saharan African. No Oceanian.
My U5b1b1 mtDNA genetic motherline is confirmed (again). Also, of the 2872 Neanderthal variants this lab tests for, I have 272 (9.5%) of them (which is "more than 73% of other 23andMe customers", but "accounts for less than 4% of my overall DNA" - which is consistent with the 1.9% Neanderthal result from Geno 2.0). This testing lab does not test for Denisovan ancestry.
So, for the most part, these results are fairly consistent with my results from other testing labs.
It is interesting I think that even though I have retained the ancient genetic trace of my ancestors' migration through South Asia, that I have not retained any genetic trace of any ancestral migration through or residence in Africa (neither North Africa nor Sub-Saharan Africa) - this seems to support my own hypothesis (based on my shamanic dream journeys) that my ancient anthropoid primate ancestors may have first evolved in Antarctica (which was tropical at this time during the Paleogene Period), and may have only journeyed briefly through the Horn of Africa as they moved up from Antarctica through India (to which I do retain an ancestral genetic trace) during the time when the Gondwana super-continent still connected these areas of lands together. My own genetic data doesn't really support an "Out of Africa" theory. I have no trace of African genetic ancestry. I think I should have if my ancestors remained there any length of time, especially if they primarily evolved there.
Expanding on the "Unassigned" genetic ancestry result: Even my <0.1% trace result of "unassigned" DNA supports my "Out of ANTARCTICA" hypothesis! I have NO trace of African genetic ancestry but I DO have a trace of some mystery "unassigned" ancestry that this company has no clue as to its identity or place of origin.
I tested positive for 292 (of 2872) Neanderthal variants analyzed by 23andMe. The highest number of variants found in any one person by this company is 387.
European - South Asian Connections
The age estimate for this allele is quite old but with a huge 95% confidence interval.
We date the coalescence of the light skin associated allele (SLC24A5 in South Asians and Europeans) at 22–28 KYA.
ANCIENT ORIGINS AUTOSOMAL FTDNA ANALYSIS
According to the FTDNA's "Ancient Origins"Analysis, I am 100% ethnic European, genetically comprised of 3 major ancient populations (all 3 of these populations are "genetically European" - of the Europid genetic type):
45% Hunter-Gatherer (Old Paleolithic Europeans)
44% Farmer (Neolithic immigrants from Middle East)
11% Metal Age Invader (Bronze Age immigrants from Russian Steppes)
1a - Linear Pottery Cultures Central Europe (~8,000 years ago)
1b - Corded Ware Central Europe (~4,000 years ago)
2 - Ötzi (Iceman's Culture) Swiss / Italian Alps (~5,300 years ago)
3 - Stuttgart Germany ( ~5,000 years ago) Linearbandkeramik (LBK) culture
4 - Loschbour Luxemburg (~8,000 years ago)
5a - Corded Ware Central Europe (~4,000 years ago)
5b -Linear Pottery Cultures Central Europe (~8,000 years ago)
6 - La Brana 1 La Brana, Spain (~7,000 years ago) - more related to modern-day Northern Europeans than to Southern Europeans
7 - Motala Motala, Sweden (~8,000 years ago)
8 - Yamnaya Eurasian (Russian) Steppe (~5,800 years ago)
The individuals found at the Loschbour and Motala sites have mitochondrial U5 (mine) or U2 haplogroups, which is typical of Hunter-Gatherers in Europe and Y-chromosome haplogroup I (my father's).
The area enclosed by the green lines is the area where all three ancient human populations in my genetic ancestry originated, probably around 60,000-100,000 years ago (as my HG line was already in Europe by 45,000-50,000 years ago). The area enclosed by the red lines is likely where we (all three of my ancient ancestral populations) picked up both our Neanderthal and Denisovan genetic admixture - in the Middle East, not in Europe.
OLD EUROPEAN HUNTER-GATHERER CAVE ARTISTS
I've shared before that my Old European ancestors are those people who painted the cave art like that in the famous Chauvet Cave in France. Now I have even more scientific proof (beyond what I've shared before). New "Ancient Origins" analyses at Family Tree DNA have provided specific results regarding my European Ancestry. First, I am 100% ethnic European and 0% non-European. My total European heritage is comprised of 3 major populations - 45% Paleolithic Hunter Gatherers, 44% Neolithic Farmers and 11% Bronze Age Invaders (genetically European but once inhabiting the Russian steppes). Both my genetic motherline and fatherline are of the Paleolithic Old European Hunter Gatherer population. Equally importantly as it relates to Old European cave art, the general migratory line (red line) of my Old European Hunter Gatherer ancestors follows exactly along the location lines where the caves with old world cave art have been found (blue lines). Indeed,the famous Chauvet Cave (green circle) in France is spot-on the migration path of my Old European Hunter Gatherer ancestors. Another famous cave in Northern Spain (Altamira Cave) is located in the general area of the ancient Basques. According to Family Tree DNA (my ancestors who found refuge in Northern Spain when glacial ice covered much of Europe) are more genetically related to modern Northern Europeans than to modern Southern Europeans). To sum it up, my Old European Paleolithic Hunter-Gatherer Ice Age ancestors painted the famed caves of Old Europe and my claim is further supported by my ancestral genetic evidence.
In Search of Paleo-Europeans (links I2 and U5 to Danube River Valley Civilization, Aurignacian Culture Cave Art Culture, Indus Valley)